What are the different types of periodontal (gum) disease?
Gum disease is a bacterial infection that attacks the structures that hold your teeth in place including soft tissue, ligaments, and bone.
The two stages of gum disease are gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is usually indicated by tender or inflamed gums and gums that bleed easily when you brush. But at this stage, the teeth are still firmly rooted, and no bone loss or tissue damage has occurred.
If we don’t treat gingivitis, the infection continues to spread and the gums and bone separate from the teeth forming pockets. Debris collects in these small spaces and causes an infection. Your immune system tries to fight the infection as it spreads below the gum line. The pockets deepen, the bone and connective tissue that supports your teeth start to break down causing them to loosen, and tooth loss becomes a real possibility.
Gum disease is a widespread problem that affects millions of adults in the US, but the good news is that it’s largely preventable and treatable when caught in the earliest stages. Prevention includes brushing twice a day, flossing once, watching your intake of sugary foods and drinks, and visiting your dentist regularly.
At Bonita Grande Dental, we can show you how to avoid gum disease, and If you need periodontal treatment in Bonita Springs, we provide the gentle care you need. Please call us today so we can check your oral health and help you avoid the complications of gum disease.